Great video tut for CS4
Dreamweaver CSS resources from Adobe
This article by Webcredible- usability experts extraordinaires on their top 10 list for CSS3 is a good point to start with CSS3. They have included details on the browser specific syntax required to make them work.
While CSS3 is still in draft form itCSS3 is starting to gather momentum with many of the commands outlined in the CSS3 working draft supported by Firefox, Safari and Google Chrome.
I’ve been looking at different web design sites and there is a real variety. The Web site of Gold Coast Graphic Design is a good example of a website that is a good example of a graphic designers website. The Coffs harbour web design site doesn’t appear to be by a graphic designer but is more of technical person moving into web design.
While to is important to the technical skills in web design, and more important than it is in graphic design -design skills are also required in Web Design which I’m not that the Coffs Harbour site has imho
Ten reasons to learn and use web standards
If you’re a web developer or designer new to the concept of web standards and are undecided on whether you should spend the time to learn all about them or not, here are some of the most important reasons for doing so.
This is also a useful list reason for when you need to validate why you work to web standards even if other don’t.
1. You look more professional
Other web professionals, prospective employers and clients can look at your work and know that you are a person who likes to keep up with changes in technology and make sure that your knowledge and skills are always current. It will make you look like a real web professional.
2.You’ll make your clients look good
Use web standards combined with best practices for accessibility and give your clients a chance to talk about how they cater to all people, and how they find it important that everybody can use their services or find information about their products. You will also avoid the bad publicity that can be caused by shutting out visitors like disabled people, Mac users, and mobile phone users. Remember when a user has a good experience on your web site they tell one person if they have a bad experience they’ll tell 10!!!
3. your maximising the number of potential visitors
You don’t know which device visitors will use to access your site. You may think you know, but unless you’re building an Intranet for a company that controls what browsers are installed on all machines then you really have no idea what device or technologies your users are using so by adhering to standards you have more chance of ensuring that your web pages look as you expect.
By using web standards properly you make sure that you have done your part in making your site work with the largest possible number of browsing devices.
4. Faster loading and reduced bandwidth usage
Well-structured markup that separates structure and content from presentation is generally much more compact than table-and-spacer-image-based tag soup. Documents will be smaller and faster for visitors to download. Like it or not, there are still many, many people connecting to the Internet through dialup.
5. Provide the foundation for accessibility
Using web standards does not guarantee that all aspects of your site will be accessible to people with disabilities, but it is a very good start. Make sure your documents are valid, well-structured, and semantic, and you’re well on the way towards having an accessible site.
6. Improve search engine rankings
Well-written content delivered through clean, well-structured, and semantic markup is delicious food for search engine spiders and will help your rankings. This, of course, will lead to increased traffic, which is what most website owners want.
7. Make your markup easier to maintain
Would you rather wade through many kilobytes of multiply nested tables and spacer images or just browse through a clean and well-structured document when you need to update your site?
Removing, inserting or editing presentation-free content is much easier and more efficient than having to make sure you get all the presentational cruft right. Using CSS to control layout also makes it much easier to make site-wide design changes.
8. Future-proof content
There is no way anyone can guarantee with 100% certainty that the documents created and stored electronically today will be readable in a hundred years. Or even fifty years. But if you separate content from presentation and use current web standards, you have done the best you can to ensure that your content can still be read even after you’re gone.
9. Good business sense
Why would any business owner say no to more visitors? A faster site? Improved search engine rankings? Potential good publicity? It doesn’t make sense to do so.
10. It’s the right way to do things
The web standards way is the way we should have built the web from the beginning. And now that we can, why not do something the right way and have a really excellent reason to feel good about yourself.
If your first answer to “who is your websites target audience” is EVERYONE- then you’ve just fallen into the biggest trap !!!
Because instead of being “everything to everyone” your website will more likely end up being “nothing to anyone”. You may be saying to your self www.yourfavoritewebsite.com (a fictitious web address that you can replace with your personal favourite) has a target audience of everyone and is satisfying the needs of everyone very nicely thank you!! But if you look carefully at these sites you’ll find they actually have websites within websites with each catering to individual target audience groups.
Identifying your target audience is a fundamental aspect of website planning and analysis. Once you have identified your target audience you should be able to identify what they want from your website and then be able to plan a website that fulfill their needs.
When you do your audience analysis you should define at least 3 audience definitions that are clear and precisely.
Defining your target audience will allow you to focus on your most important customers requirements.
Note the qualities that define your target audience:
A favicon (short for favorites icon) is an icon associated with a particular website or webpage. They are also know as website icon, shortcut icon, url icon, or bookmark icon. You can your favicon and use it with your website (or webpage) by several means, and most web browsers will then use it. Browsers which support favicons typically display a page’s favicon in the browser’s address bar and next to the page’s name in a list of bookmarks. New browsers that support a tabbed document interface typically show a page’s favicon next to the page’s title.
Favicon image types
Most modern browsers will recognize PNG, GIF, and JPG formats for favicons, but Internet Explorer doesn’t so it is best to use the ICO format, which works in all browsers.
How to make a favicon file
I generally use a free online favicon creator site like http://www.faviconprime.com where you can upload a jpg png or gif and have the site create an ico file for you to download and upload to your website.
There is also an ico creator plugin for Photoshop as well as other pieces of software that you can use to create your ico file.
Code for your favicon
Once you have your favicon, you need to add this line of code to the within the head of your HTML document so your favicon can be found:
<link rel=“shortcut icon” href=“favicon.ico” type=“image/x-icon” />
and voila you should have your own nice favicon for your website.
Before I begin I must admit there are many site that I really like that uses tables for layout rather than css but I think this is a reflection on the designers rather than tables therefore below are a few reason why I think website development should use css rather than tables.
Here are some good articles on the subject of CSS vs Tables
Most websites highlight the navigation item of the user’s location in the website, to help users orientate themselves. This is a fundamental requirement for basic usability, but can be a pain as you’ll need to tweak the HTML code behind the navigation for each and every page. So is it possible to have the navigation highlighted on every page, without having to tweak the HTML code on each and every page? Of course it is but the answers below require a lot more tweaking than is below if you are using Dreamweaver templates- but that’s for a post next week
But what you need to do is assign a class to each navigation item:
<li><a href=”#” class=”home”>Home</a></li>
<li><a href=”#” class=”about”>About us</a></li>
<li><a href=”#” class=”contact”>Contact us</a></li>
You’ll then need to insert an id into the <body> tag. The id should be representative of where users are in the site and should change when users move to a different site section. When in ‘Home’ it should read <body id=”home”>, in ‘About Us’ it should be <body id=”about”> and in ‘Contact Us’ <body id=”contact”> etc.
Next, you create a new CSS rule:
#home .home, #about .about, #contact .contact
css rules go here
This creates rules that only takes effect when class=”home” is contained within id=”home”, and when class=”about” is in id=”about” and class=”contact” is in id=”contact”. These situations will only occur when the user is on the appropriate page, seamlessly creating our highlighted navigation item. Pretty cool!
More of this type of thing can be found here.